The project is financed with the support of the Return Fund
of the European Union

Frequently asked questions


  1. How long will it take from the time I submit an application for a voluntary return and my actual departure from the Czech Republic?
  2. What should I do if I do not have a travel document or if my travel document is invalid?
  3. Can I in any way influence how long it will take for my application for a voluntary return to be processed?
  4. After returning to my country, will I ever be able to return to the Czech Republic?
  5. Does my participation in the programme also apply to other members of my family?
  6. If I travel by air and my luggage exceeds the weight allowance, who will pay the associated costs?
  7. Will I travel by air or using ground transport?
  8. Is it possible to return to a country other than my country of origin?
  9. How far in advance will I receive information about my departure from the Czech Republic?
  10. Will the Police of the Czech Republic be involved in my voluntary return?
  11. What are other possible forms of departing from the Czech Republic?
  • » How long will it take from the time I submit an application for a voluntary return and my actual departure from the Czech Republic?
  • The arrangements for the voluntary return of a foreigner are processed as quickly as possible. The actual length of time it takes is dependent on more than one factor, in particular the phase of the asylum proceedings that is underway at the time you submit the request to halt the proceedings and whether or not you have a valid travel document, some other proof of identity or additional supporting documents.
    If you are in the first phase of the proceedings for granting international protection and you possess a valid travel document, the voluntary return is generally processed within a very short period of time. If your complaint against a Ministry decision is being investigated by a regional court, the request to halt the proceedings may take longer and thus the time of departure will be delayed or it might be necessary to wait until the decision becomes legally enforceable. In the case of an appeal lodged with the Supreme Administrative Court, it is not necessary to wait until the decision becomes legally enforceable and the voluntary return is processed within a fairly short timeframe.
    If however you do not have a valid travel document, there will be a delay in all cases, the length of which will depend on the embassy (or other office) that is responsible for issuing you with a travel document.

  • » What should I do if I do not have a travel document or if my travel document is invalid?
  • You can obtain a travel document at your country’s embassy in Prague or we can help you obtain one. Various non-governmental organisations provide the RFA with their services for obtaining a replacement travel document, extending the validity of expired documents, adding children to a document and all other contact with national embassies.

  • » Can I in any way influence how long it will take for my application for a voluntary return to be processed?
  • You can influence the processing of your application through your activities. If you do not have a travel document, you can make the arrangements for its issuance at the relevant embassy either in person or over the phone. The TIMELY submission of ALL documents proving your identity or any other supporting documents will in all cases help speed up your departure. In addition, it is of key importance for you to remain in contact with the applicable RFA employee, to not voluntarily leave the asylum facilities (if you are residing there) and to not conceal any information.

  • » After returning to my country, will I ever be able to return to the Czech Republic?
  • You will be able to return to the Czech Republic. However, if you once again apply for international protection, you will be obliged to reimburse the Czech Republic for all of the costs associated with your voluntary return that were paid by the state. If you subsequently apply for another voluntary return, the costs will not be paid on your behalf.

  • » Does my participation in the programme also apply to other members of my family?
  • If your family member meets the conditions specified in Act No. 325/1999 Coll., the Asylum Act, he/she can apply for a voluntary return independently. In the case of minors, the application is submitted by the parents or guardians. If any of your family members wish to remain in the Czech Republic, it is possible for only one (or some) of the family members to submit an application for a voluntary return.

  • » If I travel by air and my luggage exceeds the weight allowance, who will pay the associated costs?
  • The participant in the programme will be responsible for paying these costs according to the airline’s pricelist. In certain exceptional cases, the RFA might pay the fees for overweight luggage or packing, however only if an exceptional situation is approved by the RFA and only if you have notified us sufficiently in advance and discussed the entire situation with us beforehand.

  • » Will I travel by air or using ground transport?
  • As a rule, the travel arrangements are by air as the Czech Republic is surrounded by other member states of the Schengen Area.

  • » Is it possible to return to a country other than my country of origin?
  • Yes. You can travel to a different country if you have serious reasons for doing so. However, there are certain conditions that must be met. The country must share a border with your home country, the travel expenses cannot be significantly higher than those associated with a return to your country of origin, and there can be no other serious obstacles (such as a visa requirement for the destination country), which would prevent your entry (travel) to the country of your choice.

  • » How far in advance will I receive information about my departure from the Czech Republic?
  • We will provide you with all of the information on your return no later than two days prior to your departure.

  • » Will the Police of the Czech Republic be involved in my voluntary return?
  • The police do not participate in voluntary returns that take place in accordance with Act No. 325/1999 Coll., the Asylum Act.

  • » What are other possible forms of departing from the Czech Republic?
    1. The voluntary return of a foreigner residing in the country illegally takes place with the participation of the Police of the Czech Republic acting in cooperation with the International Organisation for Migration (IOM).
    2. Programmes that provide support and protection for victims of human trafficking are available to citizens of third countries who were victimised for the purpose of forced prostitution or forced labour, specifically through a special programme of the Ministry of the Interior acting in cooperation with the IOM. (link to the applicable webpage).

    The deportation of a foreigner to his/her country of origin (or another country willing to accept the foreigner) as a result of administrative deportation carried out in accordance with Act No. …..